Dufy, Raoul

Dufy, Raoul Biography

French painter, born in Le Havre and studied briefly at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Initially Dufy was influenced by the impressionists, but in 1902 he met Henri Matisse and other fauve painters, who worked in striking, nonrealistic colors and bold forms. Dufy adopted their style and added to it a vigorous, spontaneous use of line. In the early 1920s Dufy rededicated himself to oil painting and began producing what are now his best-known works. His distinctive style is characterized by bright, decorative colours thinly spread over a white ground, with objects sketchily delineated by sensuously undulating lines. Dufy took as his subjects scenes of recreation and spectacle, including horse races and regattas, parades, and concerts. Dufy spent much time on the French Riviera and produced series of oil paintings of Nice (1927), the Bois deBoulogne (1929), and Deauville (1930). Though very popular, his lively, carefree, elegant oil paintings have been criticized as occasionally bordering on the superficial.

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