Jackson, Alexander Y.

Jackson, Alexander Y. Biography

Canadian painter, best known for his late winter and autumn landscapes. Jackson was a member of the Group of Seven, a group of artists who set out to create a distinctly Canadian art.

Jackson was born in Montreal, Qu?bec. In 1907 he enrolled at the Academie Julian in Paris, France, where he worked extensively in a rigorously textured impressionist mode.

Jackson returned to Montreal in 1913 and later that year moved to Toronto, Ontario, at the invitation of painter Lawren Harris. Jackson painted with artist Tom Thomson in Algonquin Park, where Jackson painted landscapes, such as The Red Maple (1914, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa). Jackson painted in almost every region of Canada, including Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, and the Arctic. He favored sketching in the seasons of late winter, early spring, and autumn. Jackson's artwork showed impressionist influences, but his style became bolder and he employed more restrained colors after the early 1920s. He continued to live and work in Toronto into the 1950s, becoming an extremely influential figure in Canadian art.

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