Spencer, Stanley

Spencer, Stanley Biography

English painter, whose style was greatly influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites, a group of mid-19th century English artists who emulated medieval and early Renaissance paintings and their narrative, religious subject matter.

Born in Cookham, Stanley Spencer studied between 1908 and 1912 at the Slade School in London. He held his first solo exhibition at the Goupil Gallery in London in 1927. During the 1930s Stanley Spencer was troubled by both personal and professional difficulties, but his career revived with his appointment by the British government as Official War Artist during World War II (1939-1945). He was knighted in 1958.

Stanley Spencer's oil paintings often place traditional biblical scenes in contemporary settings, usually in the artist's home village of Cookham, as in The Resurrection, Cookham (1923-1927, Tate Gallery, London).

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