| Warhol, Andy Biography
American painter who was a leader of the pop art movement, which based artwork on images taken from mass, or popular, culture. Warhol is considered one of the most important American artists of the 20th century. His work and ideas both reflect and helped shape American mass media and popular culture.
Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and educated at Carnegie Institute of Technology. During the 1950s Warhol practiced commercial art in New York City. He attracted attention in the 1960s with exhibitions of pop art subjects from daily life, such as Campbell's Soup Can (1965, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City) and Green Coca-Cola Bottles (1962, Whitney Museum, New York City), and of popular entertainers such as Marilyn Monroe. These images were silk-screened, a mechanical process that allowed them to be endlessly repeated (see Prints and Printmaking: Stencil Printing).
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