Wood, Grant

Wood, Grant Biography

American painter who was one of the major exponents of Midwestern Regionalism, a movement that flourished in the United States during the 1930s.

Grant Wood was born in Anamosa, Iowa, and trained at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Academie Julian in Paris. He taught art in the public schools of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, from 1919 to 1924, and he served as artist in residence at the University of Iowa from 1935 to 1942. Grant Wood is best known for his later paintings, which depict the scenes and people of his native Iowa. A leader in the regionalist school of 20th-century American art he was strongly influenced by the subject matter and technique of various German and Flemish painters of the Renaissance. In translating their stylized formality to the American scene, however, he added his own distinctive touches of irony and realism. This satirical treatment can be observed in Wood's most famous work, the double portrait American Gothic (1930, Art Institute of Chicago).

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